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Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery

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The authors present the third example of an eccrine ductal carcinoma of the eyelid. A woman in her early 70s presented with a lesion of the central right lower eyelid margin in the vicinity where an actinic keratosis was diagnosed by biopsy 2.75 years previously. Her dermatologist and ophthalmologist monitored the area of actinic keratosis, and it was stable for 2.5 years until the area became ulcerated and thickened with the loss of eyelashes. A wedge resection disclosed a squamous cell carcinoma in situ and a separate eccrine ductal carcinoma. The eccrine ductal carcinoma had in situ tumor thickening, an eccrine duct component, and an invasive tumor infiltrating the tarsal plate and replacing the normal meibomian glands. The invasive eccrine ductal carcinoma only mildly thickened the tarsal plate and was most likely an incidental finding in a biopsy prompted by the squamous cell carcinoma in situ. The 5-year relative survival rate for malignant apocrine-eccrine tumors is approximately 97%, and our patient is alive and without evidence of local or distant tumor recurrence 5.5 years following the excision of her eyelid tumor.