Date of Publication
Toxicology and applied pharmacology
Numerous studies conducted in the past have reported deaths in the human population due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) on exposure to air particulate matter (APM). BP-1,6-quinone (BP-1,6-Q) is one of the significant components of APM. However, the mechanism(s) by which it can exert its toxicity in endothelial cells is not yet completely understood. NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO1) is expressed highly in myocardium and vasculature tissues of the heart and plays a vital role in maintaining vascular homeostasis. This study, demonstrated that BP-1,6-Q diminishes NQO1 enzyme activity in a dose-dependent manner in human EA.hy926 endothelial cells. The decrease in the NQO1 enzyme causes potentiation in BP-1,6-Q-mediated toxicity in EA.hy926 endothelial cells. The enhancement of NQO1 in endothelial cells showed cytoprotection against BP-1,6-Q-induced cellular toxicity, lipid, and protein damage suggesting an essential role of NQO1 in cytoprotection against BP-1,6-Q toxicity. Using various biochemical assays and genetic approaches, results from this study further demonstrated that NQO1 also plays a crucial role in BP-1,6-Q-induced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These findings will contribute to elucidating BP-1,6-Q mediated toxicity and its role in the development of atherosclerosis.
Shukla, Halley; Gaje, Gabriella; Koucheki, Ashkon; Lee, Ho Young; Sun, Xiaolun; Trush, Michael A.; Zhu, Hong; Li, Y R.; and Jia, Zhenquan, "NADPH-quinone oxidoreductase-1 mediates Benzo-[a]-pyrene-1,6-quinone-induced cytotoxicity and reactive oxygen species production in human EA.hy926 endothelial cells" (2020). Osteopathic Medicine, Jerry M. Wallace School of. 2393.